Medical professionals use 4 stages of blood pressure to monitor a person.
Please note that a single high reading does not necessarily mean that you have high blood pressure
Systolic 120 and under / Diastolic 80 and under
If your blood pressure is normal it should be checked at least annually by a medical professional.
Systolic 120 – 139 / Diastolic 80 – 90
Pre-hypertension is a warning that you are at an increased risk of developing hypertension and you should take a look at if there is any excess weight, any stress, increase your exercise and speak with your doctor to discuss lowering the risk of developing hypertension.
3: Hypertension Stage 1
Systolic 140 – 159 / Diastolic 90 – 99
This will require medical intervention including a diuretic, lifestyle changes and regular blood pressure monitoring.
4: Hypertension Stage 2
Systolic 160 and over / Diastolic 100 and over
This will require ongoing medical intervention including prescription medications, lifestyle changes and regular blood pressure monitoring.
The top number, which is also the higher of the two numbers,
measures the pressure in the arteries when the heart beats (when the heart muscle contracts).
The bottom number, which is also the lower of the two numbers,
measures the pressure in the arteries between heartbeats (when the heart muscle is resting between beats and refilling with blood).
Which number is more important, top (systolic) or bottom (diastolic)?
Typically more attention is given to the top number (the systolic blood pressure) as a
major risk factor for cardiovascular disease for people over 50 years old. In most people,
systolic blood pressure rises steadily with age due to increasing stiffness of large arteries,
long-term build-up of plaque, and increased incidence of cardiac and vascular disease.